The word "periodical" refers to magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals. Newspapers and popular magazines like The Oregonian, People, or Road and Track, are written for the general public. Scholarly journals (also called academic, professional, or peer-reviewed journals), are written by experts for other experts. They are considered more authoritative than most other sources, because each article is written by experts and reviewed by a panel of experts from the same field before publication. In-depth research will usually require you to find scholarly journal articles on your subject.
|Popular magazines||Scholarly journals|
|Use everyday language||Use technical language|
|Written for the general reader||Written for experts by other experts|
|Do not include references to sources of information used to write the article||Include a list of references at the end of the article|
|Generally make only passing references to research, if at all||Often report on research and include descriptions of the methodology used and statistical analysis of the results (articles in the humanities, such as literature or religion, are excepted)|
|Articles are chosen and checked by editors||Articles must pass a review by experts in the same field before publication.|
Note: Scholarly journal articles are not always perfect. Every year many articles are withdrawn because of errors detected subsequent to publication, or because of ethical violations on the part of one of the authors.
Many of the Library's databases have a check-off option for scholarly ("peer-reviewed") journals, making it easy to limit your search to peer-reviewed publications.
The ScienceDirect and MEDLINE interfaces do not have such a checkoff option, but almost every article in these databases is from a peer-reviewed journal. New Scientist is the only popular magazine on ScienceDirect.
Lockman, Tim. “How to Read a Scholarly Journal Article.” YouTube, uploaded by Kishwaukee College Library, 21 August 2012, https://youtu.be/EEVftUdfKtQ.
© Kishwaukee College Library
The same general characteristics apply to scholarly books as to journals: they use technical language, are written by experts for experts, and employ "scholarly apparatus" such as detailed references giving the sources of information used. There are also books which, although they are not "scholarly" in the same sense, are highly specialized, and are intended for a reader in a specific field. (An example is Safe Operation of Fire Tankers, published by the U.S. Fire Administration.)
There is no "checkoff" option in the library search to determine scholarly/popular status for books. In general, you must look at the book, examine its language, and determine its intended audience in order to determine whether it is popular or scholarly/field specific.
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